This story was updated on Aug. 18 to reflect changes in court jurisdiction.

The city of Brunswick has escalated its fight against a Christian homeless day shelter working in the historic downtown by filing a lawsuit that seeks to shut it down. 

The lawsuit alleges that The Well, which uses private donations to serve individuals facing homelessness, is a public nuisance and should no longer be allowed to operate. But the ministry says the lawsuit conflicts with a larger issue about the separation of church and state. 

The shelter, the only one of its kind in the city, does not violate any zoning or municipal laws. Yet Brunwick officials have taken the side of residents and business owners in the wealthy downtown area who are worried that the homeless population pose a public safety threat, a perception that crime statistics suggest is overstated or incorrect. 

The city originally filed the lawsuit in the Superior Court of Glynn County. The lawyer for Southeastern Educational Services, Inc. the church that operates the shelter, then elevated the case to federal court, anticipating that its defense will rest on the federal question of the separation of church and state. District Court Judge Lisa Godbey Wood on Aug. 15 sent the case back to the Superior Court of Glynn County because the city’s suit itself does not include federal questions, even if the church’s defense might.

A judge has yet to schedule a hearing on the suit for an injunction to close its operations for good. In the meantime Brunswick Police Chief Kevin Jones appeared to undermine one of the main arguments raised by the city in its filing. 

Jones told The Current that no crime has occurred at or near The Well since April, when it closed voluntarily in reaction to official pressure. After the shelter reopened last month with enhanced protocols for residents, police have responded to five calls, including a welfare check, an attempted suicide and an officer-initiated checkup. 

The Well is a Christian day shelter for Brunswick’s homeless. It recently reopened with increased safety measures but is being sued by the city, which alleges it is a public nuisance. Credit: Justin Taylor/The Current

“The way they’re operating things now is a lot more efficient and puts less strain on the police department,” Jones told The Current

The Well, in responding to the city suit, argues that the city has no legal basis to shutter its work. The religious organization emphasized that as recently as 2022 the municipality had praised the quality of its services in a mandatory federal report, noting that the religious organization helps the city address emergency shelter and transitional housing needs. 

“While The City may argue that public safety is a compelling governmental interest, that concept here is at least debatable given The City’s failure to police its own streets,” the document reads. “The more compelling government interest is The City’s utter failure to address the plight of the homeless in its environs.” 

The city did not respond to requests for comment.

The federal case is the latest twist in a political battle between the religious leaders who support The Well, and city officials who have fought to close the shelter in its current downtown location while also rejecting alternative measures to minister to the estimated 100 people who use its services. 

The issue boiled over in April when city officials waged a pressure campaign to close The Well, despite having no evidence of legal violations. Staff members agreed to close temporarily to strengthen security protocols at the shelter. 

Dozens of people were left with no place to go when it closed.

A ministry on G Street started after The Well temporarily closed. While it is not related to The Well, several of the people who get daytime services from The Well sleep here at night. Credit: Justin Taylor/The Current

Shortly after The Well softly reopened its doors in July, the city filed suit in county court, calling it a public nuisance and asking for a temporary restraining order to shut it down immediately, public records show. 

The case was elevated to federal court in August because The Well lawyers argued against the injunction by citing First Amendment constitutional protections. The shelter’s lawyers also cited a law that forbids state governments from imposing regulations that substantially burden religious institutions. 

Confusing crime statistics

One of the documents the city has submitted to support its suit is data that supposedly shows approximately 2,300 emergency and police calls involving The Well between January 2018 and April 2023.

However, a data analysis by The Current found errors in the data. At least 370 of these calls were listed twice. 

Meanwhile, approximately 25% of the roughly 2,000 unique calls came from officer-initiated activity, rather than the community complaints, according to the data analysis. 

The chief said that while The Well had more calls for service than any other property in Brunswick during this period of time, the calls have been largely nonviolent and alone do not suggest a larger preponderance of crime. 

According to the city filing, 40 calls were made in response to an alleged assault, and fewer than 10 calls for harassment or drugs. 

The other most common entries include calls for a problem person, which is most often when someone is drunk, arguing or causing a disturbance, and suspicious person and follow up calls. 

Only about a third of calls lead to officers writing an incident report, Jones said. 

The city attorney did not respond to requests for comment. 

The Well is a Christian day shelter for Brunswick’s homeless. It recently reopened with increased safety measures but is being sued by the city, which alleges it is a public nuisance. Credit: Justin Taylor/The Current

Community weighs in

The lawsuit also included an email from the executive director of the Downtown Development Authority asking residents to give feedback about The Well. The filing includes nearly 50 responses from residents and business owners with strongly worded negative opinions about the shelter. 

Many respondents demanded that The Well remain closed. 

  • “The homeless and mentally ill population became out of control when The Well was operating, bringing violent crime and blight to downtown,” said Liane Brock, a resident of nearly 30 years. “Homelessness is a National problem that needs to be solved, but it is not fair to put us in harm’s way to solve it. There are other ways.”
  • “Almost immediately after The Well closed its doors, the entire downtown area became far more pleasant and less threatening,” President of Torras Properties Darren Pietsch said. “Every other person I have talked to that works in the area feels the same.” 
  • “The Well closing was the best thing for my business, and me and my family’s general safety,” Danielle Sunderhaus with the Market on Newcastle wrote. “My customers at The Market started returning and revenue increased once the Well closed.” 

An email response made on behalf of the entire board of directors of the Safe Harbor Center, an organization that provides services for at-risk families, children and individuals, said the two months when The Well was closed was a “wonderful respite.” 

“‘The Well’s’ mission of helping the homeless is one we can all agree with,” Safe Harbor Center’s email states. “It is their execution of that mission that puts our children, and our community, at risk. Adequate supervision and programming are not present.” 

One email suggests there will be political consequences for city officials who fail to close The Well. 

The Well is a Christian day shelter for Brunswick’s homeless. It recently reopened with increased safety measures but is being sued by the city, which alleges it is a public nuisance. Credit: Justin Taylor/The Current

“You are public servants paid to protect citizens,” an email sent from Coastal Therapeutic Massage states. “Downtown people are talking and there will definitely be a shake up next election if something isn’t done to prevent this,” it continued. 

Some residents offered potential solutions that often involve moving The Well out of downtown, but not shutting it down completely. 

“We still have a long way to go to address the homeless population,” Susan Bates wrote on behalf of Tipsy McSway’s Neighborhood Bar & Grill. “Maybe there could be the creation of a safe place, out of the public eye, for restrooms and shade that The Well could provide?” 

The emails were written in June, before The Well reopened and changed their safety procedures. So far, the federal court filing has no complaints made during the last month since the shelter has restarted operations.

The Glynn County Clergy for Equity held a press conference Aug. 9 to show its support for the staff of The Well. In light of The Well’s recent changes, the group urged the city to give The Well a trial period through the end of the year before taking legal action to oppose it. 

“We don’t have a homelessness problem,” Rabbi Rachael Bregman said. “We have a compassion problem.”

The Well’s response

The Well has made significant changes since it closed in April, according to Jenna Kennedy, the FaithWorks Minister of Operations at The Well, including cracking down on loitering. 

The approximately two dozen homeless people who used to sleep on its porch, as well as people who hung out at a wall across the street from The Well, are no longer present on the property, according to Kennedy. 

Jenna Kennedy is the FaithWorks minister of operations at The Well. She is working to provide a safe environment and keep the ministry in business. Credit: Justin Taylor/The Current

The ministry installed cameras that send alerts to a staff member’s phone so they can call the police if necessary – though that has not yet been necessary – and a fence for the front porch has been ordered. 

But so far, people have listened to staff when they ask them to stop loitering, Kennedy said. “It hasn’t been an issue.” 

Chief Jones agreed.

Calls about the homeless population increased from June to July, he said, but they were mainly concentrated in areas away from The Well, according to a report he shared with The Current

Kennedy says that downtown business owners have superficial perceptions about her ministry without ever looking inside. 

The Well is a Christian day shelter for Brunswick’s homeless. It recently reopened with increased safety measures but is being sued by the city, which alleges it is a public nuisance. Credit: Justin Taylor/The Current

“Our biggest issues have been what people see on the outside and think about what’s happening on the inside,” Kennedy said. “Once you get inside, it’s always the same environment.” 

When The Current spent the day at The Well on Aug. 3, clients were quiet, resting, reading or making phone calls to family on an assortment of mismatched chairs and tables while staff washed their clothes and prepared food donated by community members. 

It’s a significant improvement from what conditions used to be like at the day shelter, according to Ralph Carpenter who works at the kitchen and has used services at The Well since it opened in 2015. 

The Well is a Christian day shelter for Brunswick’s homeless. It recently reopened with increased safety measures but is being sued by the city, which alleges it is a public nuisance. Credit: Justin Taylor/The Current

One of the new protocols is that homeless people must submit to an in-depth registration and get cleared by the police that they have no outstanding warrants before receiving help at the shelter. 

Additionally, a new sign-in system that will flag anyone who is not allowed in the building. Guests are required to meet with the resource management team after every 14 visits to The Well to create a plan forward and work on getting identifying documents if they’ve lost them. 

Staff are required to obtain mandatory mental health and de-escalation training Kennedy said.  

The changes have made The Well a safer place, Kennedy said, whether her neighbors acknowledge it or not.

“What’s hurt the most to me, as an individual, is just realizing the lack of compassion people have for human beings,” Kennedy said. “I think the city and other people think that if they just make the environment in the city so inhospitable, (homeless) people will move on. But that’s not the case.”

Mindy Carter

Mindy Carter, 43, has lived in Brunswick since 1980. But she hadn’t needed to visit The Well until recently. 

While she was living with and taking care of her mother who has dementia in May, Carter says her stepfather pulled a gun on her. 

No longer able to stay in the house, she now spends the night at the Salvation Army and started coming to The Well during the day when it reopened. 

“Through a rough time in life, when I felt helpless, The Well has given me hope and restored my faith,” Carter said. 

She works in a local restaurant and says she is working with staff to find housing. Her goal is to be reunited with her three children.

Ebony Carter Bennett

Ebony Carter Bennett, 39, graduated from nursing school but said she “messed with the wrong crowd,” leading her to ending up in jail. 

She said she came to Brunswick in November and had a place to stay this winter, but now lives as a homeless encampment that another ministry runs on G Street. 

The Well has helped her with her hygiene and getting her clothes washed, she said, which is helpful because she’s been trying to get work from a local temp agency. 

However, she said she has to get up at 5 a.m. each day to see if there is work for her. She earned about $100 there so far, but there hadn’t been any work for a week when she spoke to The Current.

Ray Murray

Ray Murray, 53, is known as The Well’s artist. One of Kennedy’s favorite pieces of his was a crayon drawing she noticed he quietly did on a pizza box top. 

He does not have outstanding warrants in Brunswick but says he’s stuck here because he does in his hometown and says there was an issue with getting his inheritance. 

He only sleeps two hours at night because he doesn’t go to any of the few available overnight shelters. Instead, he has to rotate between sleeping at different areas of town because officers routinely patrol and ask him to leave.

Ralph Carpenter

Ralph Carpenter, 69, was an aircraft mechanic in Vietnam and in the Air Force for 20 years before coming back to live in Brunswick in 2000. 

He said some wrong decisions led him to go to rehab and face homelessness, and he started using The Well’s services when it opened around 2015. 

He said The Well helped him “very much” and that he got clean and started volunteering in the kitchen, which six months ago transformed into a paid position for him. 

Carpenter can now afford to stay in a motel with his girlfriend, who he met at The Well. 

After watching it transform over the past several years and working to improve it in recent months, he says The Well is now much safer for the community. 

Kailey Cota is a data reporting intern at The Current through the Dow Jones News Fund. She recently graduated from the University of South Carolina and was named the 2021 S.C. Collegiate Journalist of...

2 replies on “Brunswick blames crime on homeless shelter and sues to shut it”

  1. As always, criminalizing the unhoused does nothing but create another problem. If business owners are sincere about fixing this issue, instead of providing anecdotes about why the Well is a blight, they could pool resources to create alternative solutions. The state and federal governments are not going to do anything to create positive change, and there is no political will to do so, as evidenced by the over 40 years of dismantling social support services in this nation. Between the rent crisis, lack of adequate mental health services, and inability to receive regular health care, singling out the one place that offers a haven for unhoused people is counterproductive to the arguments laid out by these business owners.

  2. Excellent points MTMiller.

    I’m grateful for the effort here to do real journalism on this story. Too much of the coverage from other media in this town has been lazy stenography in service of a few vocal opponents who offer NO solutions.

    The Well isn’t the problem. Crime problems continued throughout the time it was closed.

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